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雅思考试写作备考窍门:增加句子句型多样性
2015年08月11日 14:22 来源:新东方在线 作者: 字号

内容摘要:句子结构是雅思[微博]写作评分标准“语法的多样性与准确度”中一项十分重要的考量因素,但这并不意味着要求考生具备写长难句的能力。

关键词:多样性;写作;雅思考试;句型;charming

作者简介:

  句子结构是雅思写作评分标准“语法的多样性与准确度”中一项十分重要的考量因素,但这并不意味着要求考生具备写长难句的能力。在追求输出像雅思阅读一样精到的语言之前,我们首先要确保的应当是写出来的句子是正确的。有效的句子甚而段落通常应当同时满足以下五个要素:一致、连贯、简洁、强调、多样。

  1. 一致:如句内的逻辑关系,注意检查是否存在简单推论、逻辑残缺、逻辑悖论、依赖偏见等。

  Born in a small town in South Chinain the early 1950s, he grew up to be a famous musician。

  → He was born in a small town in South China in the early 1950s. In his childhood he liked to sing songs. Later he entered a conservatory. In the 1970s he became a famous musician。

  2. 连贯:这个问题在平行结构、共用主语、使用指代的情况下尤其需要注意。

  We thought she was charming, intelligent, and a very capable young woman。

  → We thought she was charming, intelligent, and very capable。

  Or: We thought she was a charming, intelligent, and very capable young woman。

  He was knocked down by a bicycle, but it was not serious。

  → He was knocked down by a bicycle, but was not badly injured。

  Looking out of the window, the grassland stretches as far as the eye can reach。

  → Looking out of the window, we can see the grassland stretching as far as the eye can reach。

  Or: Outside the window, the grassland stretches as far as the eye can reach。

  He gave a reason for not attending the meeting, which nobody believed。

  → He gave a reason, which nobody believed, for not attending the meeting。

  Or: He gave a reason for not attending the meeting, a reason which nobody believed。

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